In a nutshell
Violence in Syria has reached an all-time high as civil war rages on.
There are two sides fighting:
- The government, headed by Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
- The rebels, who say Assad's presidency has been too violent.
This all began around March of 2011.
The violence has quickly escalated over the past year. Now Russia and the United States are acknowledging that there's a possibility the rebels just might win over the current regime.
Darth Vader aside, it actually reminds us a little of the fight between the Emperor's Galactic Empire (Assad's Syria) and the Rebel Alliance (the, uh, rebel alliance, formally called the National Coalition of Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces):
And we all know how that ended.
Who's fighting whom? And why?
There's the president, Bashar al-Assad: he's been in charge since 2000.
Initial unrest began in March, after a revolution was sparked in Tunisia and began to spread through other countries in the Middle East - chiefly, Egypt, which overthrew its autocratic ruler.
In Syria, Assad came down with a heavy hand. People were killed and tortured. In the midst of this conflict, entire villages were wiped out. The government is literally fighting against its own citizens. Imagine President Obama ordering the military to start bombing America's cities and you start to get the picture.
Then there are the rebels. Protests originally started peacefully, in a small city, over young kids being tortured. But as Assad cracked down, the rebels got angrier.
What are the latest developments in the civil war? I've been seeing a lot of headlines.
Two weeks ago, the government apparently cut Internet access, though it was restored two days later.
On Thursday, a car bomb in a small town near Damascus killed 16 civilians, including seven children, and injured 25.
And on Tuesday, an estimated 125 to 150 civilians, belonging to the same sect as Assad, were killed in a massacre. However, some suspect that it was pro-government forces that waged the attack.
Oh, and Assad's forces are now using what are called Scud missiles on his own people, which are much more lethal. What does this mean? That they're getting desperate.
Surprisingly, Russia's deputy foreign minister admitted that Assad and his regime were "losing control" and there was a real possibility that the rebels could win.
But what does "losing control" mean?
It means that foreign governments, including the United States, realize that the tables are turning. Underdog rebel forces are getting stronger.
Here's what Russia's foreign minister, Mikhail Bogdanov, said:
“We must look squarely at the facts, and the trend now suggests that the regime and the government in Syria are losing more and more control and more and more territory."
Russia also shared plans to evacuate citizens from Syria.
How is the rest of the world reacting?
Glad you asked.
President Obama said on Tuesday that the U.S. will recognize rebel forces as officially and diplomatically representing Syria.
Other nations have recognized the rebels, like Britain, France, and Turkey, as well as a multinational group of more than 100 countries known as Friends of Syria.
What will happen next?
Well, it looks like things are starting to go the rebels' way.
But should they overthrow Assad, they might be too disorganized to be able to represent the country. So what will happen in the long term is unclear.
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